What Happens To Your Body After Thyroid Is Removed?

What Happens To Your Body After Thyroid Is Removed?

Today, many people are facing thyroid problems due to which they are gaining weight, losing hair and are not able to conceive. This is a tinier gland that is in the shape of a butterfly which sits on the front side of the neck.

This gland can be removed through the surgical procedure. In the whole process, either the entire part is removed or the thyroid. The thyroid plays a critical role in proper functioning of the body. It is the hormone that is spread across and would regulate the metabolism rate and temperature. This promotes proper digestion and helps in maintaining the muscle health.

What Happens To Your Body After Thyroid Is Removed?

There are different types of surgeries that are performed to remove thyroid such as lobectomy, Isthmusectomy and thyroidectomy. Once the thyroid is removed after the surgery, the rest portion will work like the thyroid glands doing all its activities. There is no need for you to undergo thyroid hormone therapy.

In case, the whole thyroid gland is removed during the surgical process, it is impossible for the body to produce the thyroid hormone, which is essential for regulating temperature and improving metabolism.

What Happens To Your Body After Thyroid Is Removed?

There are many signs and symptoms of underactive thyroid start to develop in the body. It is essential for you to take pills regularly which comprises of synthetic thyroid hormone. This hormone would function as the thyroid gland and perform all its functions. The doctor will run the blood test to help you learn how much amount of thyroid replacement that you would need.

After the surgery, the body would also experience numbness, sore throat, neck pain, difficult to swallow and weak voice. There is a strict diet that must be followed even after the surgery. However, you can start to have whatever you want on the next day.

It just takes two to three weeks to recover. You are not supposed to lift heavy weights and do the tasks that can take a toll on the neck. You should not scrub the area that is prone to operation for at least a week and until you are healed. You can take a shower after a day.

The pain at the incision site would be for few days and this continues until a week. With the disturbance to the parathyroid glands, there would be a change in the calcium levels. This will drop after the surgery. You also experience numbness and tingling pain around the mouth. However, the doctors will help you learn the calcium levels by running a few blood tests.

The long term effects of the removal of thyroid from the body depend on the amount of thyroid being removed. Partial thyroidectomy would need the thyroid hormone therapy and complete thyroidectomy would need pills.

The main function of this gland is to secrete thyroid hormones that create chemical reactions in the body. When it is removed completely, you must replace these hormones with artificial ones which you can take orally on a regular basis. 

The total thyroidectomy is the procedure that is followed by the surgeons to remove the gland completely. This is common in many people. Removing the thyroidectomies completely will ensure that the cancer on the thyroid area would be removed completely.

This procedure to carry out the operation would take around 3 to 4 hours. The surgeon will make a small cut in the area where they are going to operate, i.e. in front of the neck. They would carry out this operation carefully around the vocal nerves. There can be a tiny amount of thyroid layer left behind. With the removal of thyroid, there is no thyroid hormone be released into the body thyroid hormone replacement therapy.

Patients who have smaller papillary tumors and whose cancer is not spread across, then the portion where the cancer exists would be removed. This surgery takes around 2 hours.  Despite removing a single lobe, there would be another lobe that would function optimally. Based on the pathology and thyroid tests, you would need to take thyroid hormone medication to suppress the rest of the thyroid lobe.

There will be synthetic form of T4 supplements available in the market along with the animal thyroid medications. Many prefer to consume the natural alternatives to produce this thyroid hormone. The doctors prescribe the synthetic one as it best and safe. It is easier for you to predict the blood levels of the hormone.

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Dr. John Augustine received his BA from Harvard College magna cum laude in 1987 and his Ph.D. and MD degrees from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in 1992 and 1993. He was then an intern and resident in Internal Medicine at the Yale-New Haven Hospital from 1993-1995. From 1995-1998, John was a clinical associate at the National Cancer Institute. He joined the faculty of the Duke University Medical Center in 2008 as Chief of Rheumatology at the Durham VA Hospital, a position he held until the end of 2017. He served as Chief of Rheumatology and Immunology at Duke from 2003-2008. He has conducted basic and translational research in the field of autoimmunity. He was focusing on the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the immunological properties of nuclear macromolecules, including DNA. More recently, he has investigated the immune activities of HMGB1, a nuclear protein with alarmin activity, as well as microparticles. These studies have provided new insights into the translocation of atomic molecules during cell activation and cell death and the mechanisms by which cell death can influence innate immunity.


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